How To Build A Simple Quadcopter?

I will to explain about electrical and mechanical theory of quadcopters as the basic engine of a drone, and this is a brief overview of the subject I will be covering in this article.

Parts To Build A Quadcopter

  1. Connectors
  2. Battery Selection
  3. ESC/ Motor Relationship
  4. Power Distribution
  5. Signal Distribution
  6. Balancing Aircraft

Ok, let’s describe one by one, and the collection of images in the end of this paper hopefully can help you better understand.

Understanding Connectors

When it comes to selecting a connector make sure that it’s something that’s easy for you to make and customize and something that is durable and will survive several crashes and the test of time. These are the three major connectors I usually come across.

Quadcopter Components such as Connectors
Connectors as an Important Quadcopter Components

I’m very partial to the EC3 connector because it’s just easy use to make and it’s rather easy to disconnect and connect . As a rule of thumb, It’s a good idea to have uniform connectors across your entire platform. So you won’t have to make adapters and what not to help you out in the long run.

Choosing Battery For Quadcopter

Lithium-polymer lipo batteries are the preferred battery right now for our C aircraft. so I didn’t highly recommend that one choose and a battery is very crucial in the three top bullets are the ones. I like to emphasize the months is the amount of cells that a battery has for quadcopters 3 and 4 cell seem to be the most appropriate, I myself use a 3-cell because of its maximum power range.

Longest Battery Life Quadcopter
Example of Battery Life Quadcopter

Amilia power is the fuel tanker battery the more male amps the longer your battery can actually perform and give power to your quadcopter. The sea on a battery represents the maximum output it can give the higher the sea the more amps can be drawn at any single time, generally about 30 C is very sufficient. One of the questions, I had when I first started is how do you charge these batteries when you plug them in you’re going to want to charge at 1 C, and that is the equivalent to what your battery actually is if you have a 3-cell battery you’re going to charge it at 11.1 volts at 2.8 A, that is one C.

What Is ESC In Quadcopter?

Like I mentioned my previous article (read: Parts of A Drone with Quadcopter Components List), the ESC controls the amount of voltage going to your motor. That is done by the three wires come out of the top of the esc to the three wires on my motor, just connect them in any algorithm.

Esc Settings For Quadcopter
Esc Settings For Quadcopter

If the motor isn’t spend the appropriate direction just switched to the wires it should fix the problem. It’s very important that when the bullet connectors actually connect the ESC to the motor that they are shielded with heat shrink or electrical tape. Because that can cause a shorting to destroy your ESC or your motor and that could usually be kind of costly.

Power Distribution Quadcopter Components

This is a Power Distribution while showing you the flow of electrons from the battery to all the components of your quadcopter.

Quadcopter Power Distribution Model
Quadcopter Power Distribution Model

At the bottom one represents the battery being attached to the wiring harness and giving 11.1 volts to the ESC  in the your UBEC. Of course  the 11.1 volts comes from the battery itself because the battery I depicted is a 3-cell battery. You’re going to want to connect all the positive and the negative, wire sure media sees together and that’s going to create your wiring harness. This is very important because this is going to locate an aircraft and this is where your battery is actually going to enter the circuit.

On the very right side I depicted the you back this can either be internal to your ESC, or it can be an external item. That you back is a battery limiting circuit this is going to take the voltage from your battery and turn it down to 5V, and this is what the rest of the components an aircraft are going to run off. Decks are not optional connecting your battery straight to flight control board or other auxiliary equipment, probably will overload it and destroyed. The two represents 5 volts from the you back to the flight control board. Once the 5 volts sit in the flight control board through the various other ports on it the RX and the auxiliary equipment such as a GPS will be powered in turn.

Signal Distribution Model of The Quadcopter

The next item, I will cover is the signal distribution model.

Signal Distribution in Quadcopter
Signal Distribution in Quadcopter

This is a signal distribution model this is what’s going to happen when you get input from your transmitter located on the ground to the aircraft. The one of course represents the antenna and this is going to be your net for electromagnetic waves and then it’s going to be funneled into your receiver. Quadcopters are four channel aircrafts, they have roll, yaw pitch and throttle and your rx knows this. So it’s going to translate it through four wires to flight control board. Three is the flight control board once it receives the four different signal from your receiver. It’s going to then in turn signal the ESC on whatever motor that you wish to rip up or slow down depending on a maneuver that you commanded. Once the signal is given to the ESC, the ESC is now going to regulate the voltage to the motors to help maneuver the aircraft.

How To Calculate Aircraft Weight And Balance

This is the actual attaching of the components to the airframe and how they’re actually going to affect your center of gravity and movement ability.

Aircraft Tire Balancer
Aircraft Tire Balancer

You’re going to keep all the components centered on your aircraft, so on an H quad, you’re going to keep them on the center high beam, and that’s going to be the center of that model. Now the x and the plus the the joint of the two parts is going to be your center gravity keep everything, balanced in the center and that will allow you to move in all directions very freely and without really too much trouble.

The last thing I’m cover is the actual mounting of objects, keep them toward the center keep them really close to the airframe. Don’t have any protruding sort of objects it’s going to reduce your aerodynamics and it’s also going to produce drag of course. So keep it really nice and compact. If something is protruding when it gets into a wreck it’s probably going to destroy it, but of course antennas they can protrude both vertically and horizontally. I really appreciate you reading, if you have any questions or corrections, please leave in the comments below. Thank you.

Drones With Camera And Gps

Drone is a favorite toy as my hobby in spare time to relax and refreshing with my little boy. So in this time I will give 5 drones with camera and GPS review for Aveblogs and for all of you guys. For the complete pictures you can look into galleries in bottom of this article.

Read also: Parts of A Drone

Drones With Camera And Gps
Drones With Camera And Gps

OK these are my favorite drones with camera and GPS in 2017;

CyPhy Drone – Level 1 Drone

A drone that lets absolutely anyone capture footage like never before. CyPhy level up technology is the real  breakthrough, by using six rotors the drone can fly without tilting, making it simple and intuitive enough for anyone to fly. Plus, you get professional stable footage without an exposed gimbal. Because level up gets rid of the usual multi-rotor while tilting the interface can be simplified, to fly just swipe.

Swipe  is a superior interface that allows you to see what you’re capturing while flying, unlike tilting or joystick only navigation. And with the new geo-fence technology, you can define the area in which you want to fly. Your drone will stay within your boundaries of choice allowing everyone from beginners to experts to practice their piloting skills with confidence. Thanks to the CyPhy level ones capabilities instead of worrying about the drone itself, you can focus on the experience. The CyPhy  level one is simple to fly. Captures  exactly what you want, and shares it in real  time. This is the first drone for absolutely everyone from the drone company CyPhy.

Krossblade | Large RC Drones

Features: vertical take-off, Landing gear retract transition, switchblade transformation, speed and range maneuverability, vertical landing, reconfiguration of modular design, wings-less “hornet” configuration high speed multi-copter. Design for aerial video and sensing, GPS waypoints, GPS follow and voice control.

Airdog | Small Drones With Cameras

Steps to use: unfold it, strap your air-leash, plug in the battery, initiate take-off, adjust Airdog’s position, and have fun !, Airdog will follow you once you are done, land your Airdog. Your video is ready.

Ghost Drone | The Coolest Drones

Not only is ghost user friendly it’s designed with quality parts. And as great features and performance, with the data from the wide are, the ghost will be  to detect obstacles like trees and buildings and adjust its flight path is necessary. You are also really looking forward to developing the ghost which includes libraries for the java and c-sharp. You have created amazing photos and videos that could not have made before as an amateur photographer and that’s really great. What’s great about the ghost is that super easy to fly. You can feel excited to be one of the first users easy to fly. The control is really simple and you can do it all on your phone. You don’t have to worry anymore about the control and you can just focus on what you see.

Lily Drone Review

Meet Lily than throw and go, Lily shot and follow your activity. Full HD SloMo 1080 p60/720 p60. Easy landing after 20 min flight time. Lily capable to shot and fly up, shot side. There are tracking device and waterproof case. You can record sound, select Lily shots and take pictures.

Read other reference about drone in Smallest Drone Ever.



Parts of A Drone with Quadcopter Components List

Hello guys, I’m Abbayomi Aris Hermanto from AVEBLOGS  and now let’s talk about parts of a drone especially including quadcopter components.  Drone well as my hobby besides traveling to fantastic vacation destinations.

Parts To Build A Quadcopter
Parts To Build A Quadcopter

A quadcopter is a 4 rotor helicopter grant that uses two sets of counter-rotating blades and maintain stability in the air. This is a three dimensional aircraft you can move as such throttle is the actual vertical elevation aircraft. Yaw is the left and right turning of the aircraft itself, pitch is the attitude and knows whether it be up or down in role is the canting left or right of the aircraft while it’s in flight. You can see this image on pictures gallery in the end of this article.

This is a short article to kind of explain what each of the components the aircraft toys such as drone etc.  and that future articles maybe it will elaborate on how to actually build your own drone kit and how to become a drone pilot.
These are the basic drone components of a quadcopter that I will be covering;

Quadcopter Components List

1.    Frame
2.    Flight Control Board ( FCB )
3.    Remote TX/ RX
4.    ESC , Electric Speed Controller
5.    Motor
6.    Propellers

Next I’ll describe each of component and you can find other photo pictures on the gallery below.

Choose The Best Quadcopter Frame You Like

These are the basic quadcopter frames the black represents the actual frame itself and the red represents the motors. The H plot is generally preferred for FPV because of the amount of equipment that can actually put on it. The X quad is generally more for acrobatics, and then the plus (+) quad is generally the least preferred because of the motor front attitude.

Quadcopter Frame Layout
Basic Quadcopter Frame Layout

Remember you want to keep the frame as light as possible because all the equipment you’re going to add is going to be more weight, and of course all aircraft weight is always a bad thing.

Quadcopter Flight Control Boards

The flight control board is the brain of your aircraft. They control the speed of each motor using gyros to maintain the stability of your aircraft usually they come color with a like auto leveling solar system. These can generally run between fifteen and two hundred dollars depending on how sophisticated equipment you want to board. The one pictured is a I 86 LIMA which is from Hobbyking. It’s $50 in 2014 – 2015 and it’s just good for basic flights I use it on all of my quadcopters.

Remote Controll Drone

Of course with remote controller you’re going to need a radio and receiver journey 2.4 gigahertz is the normal. There is you H frequencies but those really aren’t too important unless. You’re really trying to reach out really far with that BP sort of purposes but for line of sight and within about a mile or two 2.4 gigahertz will cover you for whatever your needs are. I myself using FST 6 it’s a cheaper radio think you’re running about $60 (2014 – 2015) or so right now. If you know anything about radios it’s not really the price of the radio matters. It’s really the quality and the antennas that is generally the key to success with radio equipment on any median.

Speed Control Switch for Electric Motor

Electric speed control of your small computers basically that takes signals from your flight control board, and then turn draw energy from your battery to regulate the speed of your motors, to keep them all basically stabilized in there look all these things is very important do not cheap this one these are very important. Make sure that the amps they come in fit your motors so you don’t actually burn out the SC or the motor itself.

Powerful Quadcopter Motors

About choosing motors for quadcopter, I’m not going to solve your intelligence and spun to you a motor. This is electric motor at detrol power, two things I’m a harpoon is watts this is  the draw of the power from your battery itself, and then kv is the amount of turns per volt. So if you run 12 volts earn about 12,000 rpm give or take. When choosing a motor kb is going to be sort of the biggest thing. I wrote about 900 that’s good for like ftv and kind of more stability but if you’re trying to go fast and do flips and what not you’re going to want to fast one about 2500 is AV should suit your needs give you plenty of power.

Choosing 4 Propeller Drone

Choosing a propeller very crucial make sure that it fits your needs as well as what your motor can actually handle. Make sure you when you buy these that you buy a bunch of them because every time you crash you probably will break. More rigid propellers are more stable and flexible ones are generally better for maneuverability carbon fibers nice and all but plastic we’ll see it needs just fine general.

And than, where to buy quadcopter parts?. Sorry I can’t give many recommendation but maybe if you looking for instantly drone packages, you can read my previous description about smallest drone.